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A Brief Overview of Greece

Greece Travel Information, Greek Flag, Economy, Geography & Facts of Greece

General Information about Greece
National Flag: National Coat of Arms:
National Flag of Greece National Coat of Arms

Official Name: Hellenic Republic

National Anthem: Hymn to Freedom (Ymnos eis tin Eleftheria)
Poem written by Dionysios Solomos in 1823
Set to music by Nikolaos Mantzaros in 1828
Officially became the Greek National Anthem in 1865 (first two stanzas)

National Motto: Freedom or Death (Eleftheria ei Thanatos).First used during the Greek War of Independence from the Ottoman Empire in the 1820s.

Location: Southeastern Europe

Area: 131,957 sq. km

Population: 10,964,020 (census 2001), 11,300,000 (estimated 2005)

Capital City: Athens

Government: Presidential Parliamentary Democracy

Parliament Members: 300

Administrative Divisions: 13 peripheries divided into 51 prefectures and 1 autonomous region (Mt. Athos).

Official Language: Greek

Religion: Greek Orthodox (95-98%), Muslim (1.3%), and other religions

Currency: Euro (€)

Time Zone: GMT + 2hrs

GDP: 180.3 billion euro (2005)

Telephone code: +30 (+01130 from the US)

Power voltage: 220V AC (50Hz)
National Holidays:
  • March 25 (Anniversary of the commencement of the Greek War of Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1821)
  • October 28 ("Ochi" Day (“No” Day) - Anniversary of the refusal to yield to the WWII Axis Powers in 1940)

Major Religious Holidays:
  • January 1 (St. Basil's - New Year's Day)
  • January 6 (Epiphany)
  • Ash Monday (movable - the Monday of the 7th week before Easter Sunday)
  • Easter Sunday (movable - First Sunday after the first full moon of the Spring Equinox)
  • Easter Monday (the day after Easter Sunday)
  • Whit Monday (movable - 50 days after Easter Sunday)
  • August 15 (Assumption of the Virgin Mary)
  • December 25 & 26 (Christmas)

Other Holidays:
  • May 1 (May Day)
Geographical Facts about Greece
Location: Southeastern Europe
Area: 131,957 sq. km
Borders by land with: Albania, Turkey, Bulgaria, FYROM, and by sea with (major bodies of water): Aegean Sea, Ionian Sea, Mediterranean Sea, and Libyan Sea.
Time Zone: GMT + 2hrs
Climate: Mild, fairly wet winters, and warm, sunny and dry summers
Highest Mountain: Mount Olympus (2,918 meters)
Longest River: Aliakmon River (297 km)
Largest Lake: Lake Trichonis (9 8.6 acres)
Coastline: approximately 15,000 km
Natural Resources: marble, petroleum, zinc, lead, salt, iron ore, magnesite, nickel. Solar, wind and hydro-power.
Economy of Greece
Currency: Euro (€)
Gross Domestic Product (GDP): 180.3 billion euro (2005)
Projected 2007 GDP Growth: 3.8%
Major Exports: Food and beverage, petroleum products, manufactured goods, textiles, chemicals
Infrastructure of Greece
Airports: 38 commercial airports in total
Ports & Marinas: 110 in total
Heliports: 8 in total
Railways: Stations throughout Mainland Greece, from the Peloponnese to Thrace
Athens Metro (3 lines): 46 stations and currently expanding
Roadways: Spanning across Greece and the large islands (Major highways include Attiki Odos, Egnatia Highway, Patra - Athens - Thessaloniki Motorway and the Ionian Motorway).
Experience Greece
Map of Greece
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Map of Greece
Pictures of Greece
Athens pictures Crete pictures Halkidiki pictures Cyclades Islands pictures Mykonos pictures Santorini pictures
Paros pictures Naxos pictures Ionian Islands pictures Dodecanese  pictures Saronic Islands pictures NE Aegean Islands pictures
Sporades pictures Central Greece pictures Macedonia pictures Peloponnese Thessalia pictures Santorini pictures
Visit our photo archives to see pictures of the most beautiful locations in Greece.
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